1:1The word of Yahweh that came to Hosea the son of Beeri, in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel. 1:2When Yahweh spoke at the first by Hosea, Yahweh said to Hosea, "Go, take for yourself a wife of prostitution and children of unfaithfulness; for the land commits great adultery against from Yahweh."
1:3So he went and took Gomer the daughter of Diblaim; and she conceived, and bore him a son.
1:4Yahweh said to him, "Call his name Jezreel; for yet a little while, and I will avenge the blood of Jezreel on the house of Jehu, and will cause the kingdom of the house of Israel to cease. 1:5It will happen in that day that I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel."
1:6She conceived again, and bore a daughter.
Then he said to him, "Call her name Lo-Ruhamah; for I will no longer have mercy on the house of Israel, that I should in any way pardon them. 1:7But I will have mercy on the house of Judah, and will save them by Yahweh their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen."
1:8Now when she had weaned Lo-Ruhamah, she conceived, and bore a son.
1:9He said, "Call his name Lo-Ammi; for you are not my people, and I will not be yours. 1:10Yet the number of the children of Israel will be as the sand of the sea, which can't be measured nor numbered; and it will come to pass that, in the place where it was said to them, 'You are not my people,' they will be called 'sons of the living God.' 1:11The children of Judah and the children of Israel will be gathered together, and they will appoint themselves one head, and will go up from the land; for great will be the day of Jezreel.
2:1"Say to your brothers, 'My people!'
And to your sisters, 'My loved one!'
2:2Contend with your mother!
Contend, for she is not my wife,
Neither am I her husband;
And let her put away her prostitution from her face,
And her adulteries from between her breasts;
2:3Lest I strip her naked,
And make her bare as in the day that she was born,
And make her like a wilderness,
And set her like a dry land,
And kill her with thirst.
2:4Indeed, on her children I will
have no mercy;
For they are children of unfaithfulness;
2:5For their mother has played the
She who conceived them has done shamefully;
For she said, 'I will go after my lovers,
Who give me my bread and my water,
My wool and my flax,
My oil and my drink.'
2:6Therefore, behold, I will hedge up
your way with thorns,
And I will build a wall against her,
That she can't find her way.
2:7She will follow after her lovers,
But she won't overtake them;
And she will seek them,
But won't find them.
Then she will say, 'I will go and return to my first husband;
For then was it better with me than now.'
2:8For she did not know that I gave
her the grain, the new wine, and the oil,
And multiplied to her silver and gold, which they used for Baal.
2:9Therefore I will take back my
grain in its time,
And my new wine in its season,
And will pluck away my wool and my flax which should have covered her nakedness.
2:10Now I will uncover her lewdness
in the sight of her lovers,
And no one will deliver her out of my hand.
2:11I will also cause all her
celebrations to cease:
Her feasts, her new moons, her Sabbaths, and all her solemn assemblies.
2:12I will lay waste her vines and
her fig trees,
About which she has said, 'These are my wages that my lovers have given me;
And I will make them a forest,'
And the animals of the field shall eat them.
2:13I will visit on her the days of
To which she burned incense,
When she decked herself with her earrings and her jewels,
And went after her lovers,
And forgot me," says Yahweh.
2:14"Therefore, behold, I will
And bring her into the wilderness,
And speak tenderly to her.
2:15I will give her vineyards from
And the valley of Achor for a door of hope;
And she will respond there,
As in the days of her youth,
And as in the day when she came up out of the land of Egypt.
2:16It will be in that day,"
"That you will call me 'my husband,'
And no longer call me 'my master.'
2:17For I will take away the names of
the Baals out of her mouth,
And they will no more be mentioned by their name.
2:18In that day I will make a
covenant for them with the animals of the field,
And with the birds of the sky,
And with the creeping things of the ground.
I will break the bow, the sword, and the battle out of the land,
And will make them lie down safely.
2:19I will betroth you to me forever.
Yes, I will betroth you to me in righteousness, in justice, in loving kindness, and in compassion.
2:20I will even betroth you to me in
And you shall know Yahweh.
2:21It will happen in that day, I
will respond," says Yahweh,
I will respond to the heavens,
And they will respond to the earth;
2:22And the earth will respond to the grain, and the new wine, and the oil;
And they will respond to Jezreel.
2:23I will sow her to me in the earth;
And I will have mercy on her who had not obtained mercy;
And I will tell those who were not my people, 'You are my people;'
And they will say, 'My God!'"
3:1Yahweh said to me, "Go again, love a woman loved by another, and an adulteress, even as Yahweh loves the children of Israel, though they turn to other gods, and love cakes of raisins."
3:2So I bought her for myself for fifteen pieces of silver and a homer and a half of barley. 3:3I said to her, "You shall stay with me many days. You shall not play the prostitute, and you shall not be with any other man. I will also be so toward you."
3:4For the children of Israel shall abide many days without king, and without prince, and without sacrifice, and without sacred stone, and without ephod or idols. 3:5Afterward the children of Israel shall return, and seek Yahweh their God, and David their king, and shall come with trembling to Yahweh and to his blessings in the last days.
4:1Hear the word of Yahweh, you
children of Israel;
For Yahweh has a charge against the inhabitants of the land:
"Indeed there is no truth,
Nor knowledge of God in the land.
4:2There is cursing, lying, murder,
stealing, and committing adultery;
They break boundaries, and bloodshed causes bloodshed.
4:3Therefore the land will mourn,
And everyone who dwells therein will waste away.
All living things in her,
Even the animals of the field and the birds of the sky;
Yes, the fish of the sea also die.
4:4"Yet let no man bring a charge, neither let any man accuse; For your people are like those who bring charges against a priest.
4:5You will stumble in the day,
And the prophet will also stumble with you in the night;
And I will destroy your mother.
4:6My people are destroyed for lack
Because you have rejected knowledge, I will also reject you,
That you may be no priest to me.
Because you have your God's law,
I will also forget your children.
4:7As they were multiplied, so they
sinned against me.
I will change their glory into shame.
4:8They feed on the sin of my people,
And set their heart on their iniquity.
4:9It will be, like people, like
And I will punish them for their ways,
And will repay them for their deeds.
4:10They will eat, and not have
They will play the prostitute, and will not increase;
Because they have abandoned giving to Yahweh.
4:11Prostitution, wine, and new wine
take away understanding.
4:12My people consult with their wooded idol,
And answer to a stick of wood.
Indeed the spirit of prostitution has led them astray,
And they have been unfaithful to their God.
4:13They sacrifice on the tops of the
And burn incense on the hills, under oaks and poplars and terebinths,
Because its shade is good.
Therefore your daughters play the prostitute,
And your brides commit adultery.
4:14I will not punish your daughters
when they play the prostitute,
Nor your brides when they commit adultery;
Because the men consort with prostitutes,
And they sacrifice with the shrine prostitutes;
And the people that does not understand will come to ruin.
4:15"Though you, Israel, play
Yet don't let Judah offend;
And don't come to Gilgal,
Neither go up to Beth Aven,
Nor swear, 'As Yahweh lives.'
4:16For Israel has behaved extremely
stubbornly, like a stubborn heifer.
Then how will Yahweh feed them like a lamb in a meadow.
4:17Ephraim is joined to idols.
Leave him alone!
4:18Their drink has become sour.
They play the prostitute continually.
Her rulers dearly love their shameful way.
4:19The wind has wrapped her up in
And they shall be disappointed because of their sacrifices.
5:1"Listen to this, you priests!
Listen, house of Israel,
And give ear, house of the king!
For the judgment is against you;
For you have been a snare at Mizpah,
And a net spread on Tabor.
5:2The rebels are deep in slaughter;
But I discipline all of them.
5:3I know Ephraim,
And Israel is not hidden from me;
For now, Ephraim, you have played the prostitute.
Israel is defiled.
5:4Their deeds won't allow them to
turn to their God;
For the spirit of prostitution is within them,
And they don't know Yahweh.
5:5The pride of Israel testifies to
Therefore Israel and Ephraim will stumble in their iniquity.
Judah also will stumble with them.
5:6They will go with their flocks and
with their herds to seek Yahweh;
But they won't find him.
He has withdrawn himself from them.
5:7They are unfaithful to Yahweh;
For they have borne illegitimate children.
Now the new moon will devour them with their fields.
5:8"Blow the cornet in Gibeah,
And the trumpet in Ramah!
Sound a battle cry at Beth Aven, behind you, Benjamin!
5:9Ephraim will become a desolation
in the day of rebuke.
Among the tribes of Israel, I have made known that which will surely be.
5:10The princes of Judah are like
those who remove a landmark.
I will pour out my wrath on them like water.
5:11Ephraim is oppressed,
He is crushed in judgment;
Because he is intent in his pursuit of idols.
5:12Therefore I am to Ephraim like a
And to the house of Judah like rottenness.
5:13When Ephraim saw his sickness,
And Judah his wound,
Then Ephraim went to Assyria,
And sent to king Jareb:
But he is not able to heal you,
Neither will he cure you of your wound.
5:14For I will be to Ephraim like a
And like a young lion to the house of Judah.
I myself will tear in pieces and go away.
I will carry off, and there will be no one to deliver.
5:15I will go and return to my place,
until they acknowledge their offense,
And seek my face.
In their affliction they will seek me earnestly."
6:1"Come, and let us return to
For he has torn us to pieces,
And he will heal us;
He has injured us,
And he will bind up our wounds.
6:2After two days will he revive us.
On the third day he will raise us up,
And we will live before him.
6:3Let us acknowledge Yahweh.
Let us press on to know Yahweh.
As surely as the sun rises,
Yahweh will appear.
He will come to us like the rain,
Like the spring rain that waters the earth."
6:4"Ephraim, what shall I do to
Judah, what shall I do to you?
For your love is like a morning cloud,
And like the dew that disappears early.
6:5Therefore I have cut them to
pieces with the prophets;
I killed them with the words of my mouth.
Your judgments are like a flash of lightning.
6:6For I desire mercy, and not
And the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings.
6:7But they, like Adam, have broken
They were unfaithful to me, there.
6:8Gilead is a city of those who work
It is stained with blood.
6:9As gangs of robbers wait to ambush
So the company of priests murder in the way toward Shechem,
Committing shameful crimes.
6:10In the house of Israel I have
seen a horrible thing.
There is prostitution in Ephraim.
Israel is defiled.
6:11"Also, Judah, there is a
harvest appointed for you,
When I restore the fortunes of my people.
7:1When I would heal Israel,
Then the iniquity of Ephraim is uncovered,
Also the wickedness of Samaria;
For they commit falsehood,
And the thief enters in,
And the gang of robbers ravages outside.
7:2They don't consider in their
hearts that I remember all their wickedness.
Now their own deeds have engulfed them.
They are before my face.
7:3They make the king glad with their
And the princes with their lies.
7:4They are all adulterers.
They are burning like an oven that the baker stops stirring,
From the kneading of the dough, until it is leavened.
7:5On the day of our king, the
princes made themselves sick with the heat of wine.
He joined his hand with mockers.
7:6For they have made ready their
heart like an oven,
While they lie in wait.
Their baker sleeps all the night.
In the morning it burns as a flaming fire.
7:7They are all hot as an oven,
And devour their judges.
All their kings have fallen.
There is no one among them who calls to me.
7:8Ephraim, he mixes himself among
Ephraim is a pancake not turned over.
7:9Strangers have devoured his
And he doesn't realize it.
Indeed, gray hairs are here and there on him,
And he doesn't realize it.
7:10The pride of Israel testifies to
Yet they haven't returned to Yahweh their God,
Nor sought him, for all this.
7:11"Ephraim is like an easily
deceived dove, without understanding.
They call to Egypt.
They go to Assyria.
7:12When they go, I will spread my
net on them.
I will bring them down like the birds of the sky.
I will chastise them, as their congregation has heard.
7:13Woe to them!
For they have wandered from me.
Destruction to them!
For they have trespassed against me.
Though I would redeem them,
Yet they have spoken lies against me.
7:14They haven't cried to me with
But they howl on their beds.
They assemble themselves for grain and new wine.
They turn away from me.
7:15Though I have taught and
strengthened their arms,
Yet they plot evil against me.
7:16They return, but not to the Most
They are like a faulty bow.
Their princes will fall by the sword for the rage of their tongue.
This will be their derision in the land of Egypt.
8:1"Put the trumpet to your lips!
Something like an eagle is over Yahweh's house,
Because they have broken my covenant,
And rebelled against my law.
8:2They cry to me, 'My God, we Israel
8:3Israel has cast off that which is good.
The enemy will pursue him.
8:4They have set up kings, but not by
They have made princes, and I didn't approve.
Of their silver and their gold they have made themselves idols,
That they may be cut off.
8:5Let Samaria throw out his
My anger burns against them!
How long will it be before the are capable of purity?
8:6For this is even from Israel!
The workman made it, and it is no God;
Indeed, the calf of Samaria shall be broken in pieces.
8:7For they sow the wind,
And they will reap the whirlwind.
He has no standing grain.
The stalk will yield no head.
If it does yield, strangers will swallow it up.
8:8Israel is swallowed up.
Now they are among the nations like a worthless thing.
8:9For they have gone up to Assyria,
Like a wild donkey wandering alone.
Ephraim has hired lovers for himself.
8:10But although they sold themselves
among the nations,
I will now gather them;
and they begin to waste away because of the oppression of the king of mighty ones.
8:11Because Ephraim has multiplied
altars for sinning,
They became for him altars for sinning.
8:12I wrote for him the many things
of my law;
But they were regarded as a strange thing.
8:13As for the sacrifices of my
they sacrifice flesh and eat it;
But Yahweh doesn't accept them.
Now he will remember their iniquity,
And punish their sins.
They will return to Egypt.
8:14For Israel has forgotten his
Maker and built palaces;
And Judah has multiplied fortified cities;
But I will send a fire on his cities,
And it will devour its fortresses."
9:1Don't rejoice, Israel, to
jubilation like the nations;
For you were unfaithful to your God.
You love the wages of a prostitute at every grain threshing floor.
9:2The threshing floor and the
winepress won't feed them,
And the new wine will fail her.
9:3They won't dwell in Yahweh's land;
But Ephraim will return to Egypt,
And they will eat unclean food in Assyria.
9:4They won't pour out wine offerings
Neither will they be pleasing to him.
Their sacrifices will be to them like the bread of mourners;
All who eat of it will be polluted;
For their bread will be for their appetite.
It will not come into the house of Yahweh.
9:5What will you do in the day of
And in the day of the feast of Yahweh?
9:6For, behold, they have gone away
Egypt will gather them up.
Memphis will bury them.
Nettles will possess their pleasant things of silver.
Thorns will be in their tents.
9:7The days of visitation have come.
The days of reckoning have come.
Israel will consider the prophet to be a fool,
And the man who is inspired to be insane,
Because of the abundance of your sins,
And because your hostility is great.
9:8A prophet watches over Ephraim
with my God.
A fowler's snare is on all of his paths,
And hostility in the house of his God.
9:9They have deeply corrupted
As in the days of Gibeah.
He will remember their iniquity.
He will punish them for their sins.
9:10I found Israel like grapes in the
I saw your fathers as the first ripe in the fig tree at its first season;
But they came to Baal Peor, and consecrated themselves to the shameful thing,
And became abominable like that which they loved.
9:11As for Ephraim, their glory will
fly away like a bird.
There will be no birth, none with child, and no conception.
9:12Though they bring up their
Yet I will bereave them, so that not a man shall be left.
Indeed, woe also to them when I depart from them!
9:13Ephraim, like I have seen Tyre,
is planted in a pleasant place;
But Ephraim will bring out his children to the killer.
9:14Give them--Yahweh what will you
Give them a miscarrying womb and dry breasts.
9:15"All their wickedness is in
For there I hated them.
Because of the wickedness of their deeds I will drive them out of my house!
I will love them no more.
All their princes are rebels.
9:16Ephraim is struck.
Their root has dried up.
They will bear no fruit.
Even though they bring forth, yet I will kill the beloved ones of their womb."
9:17My God will cast them away,
because they did not listen to him;
And they will be wanderers among the nations.
10:1Israel is a luxuriant vine that
puts forth his fruit.
According to the abundance of his fruit he has multiplied his altars.
As their land has prospered, they have adorned their sacred stones.
10:2Their heart is divided.
Now they will be found guilty.
He will demolish their altars.
He will destroy their sacred stones.
10:3Surely now they will say,
"We have no king; for we don't fear Yahweh;
And the king, what can he do for us?"
10:4They make promises, swearing
falsely in making covenants.
Therefore judgment springs up like poisonous weeds in the furrows of the field.
10:5The inhabitants of Samaria will
be in terror for the calves of Beth Aven;
For its people will mourn over it,
Along with its priests who rejoiced over it,
For its glory, because it has departed from it.
10:6It also will be carried to
Assyria for a present to a great king.
Ephraim will receive shame,
And Israel will be ashamed of his own counsel.
10:7Samaria and her king float away,
Like a twig on the water.
10:8The high places also of Aven, the
sin of Israel, will be destroyed.
The thorn and the thistle will come up on their altars.
They will tell the mountains, "Cover us!" and the hills, "Fall on us!"
10:9"Israel, you have sinned
from the days of Gibeah.
There they remained.
The battle against the children of iniquity doesn't overtake them in Gibeah.
10:10When it is my desire, I will
And the nations will be gathered against them,
When they are bound to their two transgressions.
10:11Ephraim is a trained heifer that
loves to thresh;
So I will put a yoke on her beautiful neck.
I will set a rider on Ephraim.
Judah will plow.
Jacob will break his clods.
10:12Sow to yourselves in
Reap according to kindness.
Break up your fallow ground;
For it is time to seek Yahweh,
Until he comes and rains righteousness on you.
10:13You have plowed wickedness.
You have reaped iniquity.
You have eaten the fruit of lies,
For you trusted in your way, in the multitude of your mighty men.
10:14Therefore a battle roar will
arise among your people,
And all your fortresses will be destroyed,
As Shalman destroyed Beth Arbel in the day of battle.
The mother was dashed in pieces with her children.
10:15So Bethel will do to you because
of your great wickedness.
At daybreak the king of Israel will be destroyed.
11:1"When Israel was a child,
then I loved him,
And called my son out of Egypt.
11:2They called to them, so they went
They sacrificed to the Baals,
And burned incense to engraved images.
11:3Yet I taught Ephraim to walk.
I took them by his arms;
But they didn't know that I healed them.
11:4I drew them with cords of a man,
with ties of love;
And I was to them like those who lift up the yoke on their necks;
And I bent down to him and I fed him.
11:5"They won't return into the
land of Egypt;
But the Assyrian will be their king,
Because they refused to repent.
11:6The sword will fall on their
And will consume their gate bars,
And will put an end to their plans.
11:7My people are determined to turn
Though they call to the Most High,
He certainly won't exalt them.
11:8"How can I give you up,
How can I hand you over, Israel?
How can I make you like Admah?
How can I make you like Zeboiim?
My heart is turned within me,
My compassion is aroused.
11:9I will not execute the fierceness
of my anger.
I will not return to destroy Ephraim:
For I am God, and not man; the Holy One in the midst of you;
And I will not come in wrath.
11:10They will walk after Yahweh,
Who will roar like a lion;
For he will roar, and the children will come trembling from the west.
11:11They will come trembling like a
bird out of Egypt,
And like a dove out of the land of Assyria;
And I will settle them in their houses," says Yahweh.
11:12Ephraim surrounds me with
And the house of Israel with deceit;
And Judah still us unruly with God,
And is unfaithful to the Holy One.
12:1Ephraim feeds on wind,
And chases the east wind.
He continually multiplies lies and desolation.
They make a covenant with Assyria,
And oil is carried into Egypt.
12:2Yahweh also has a controversy
And will punish Jacob according to his ways;
According to his deeds he will repay him.
12:3In the womb he took his brother
by the heel;
And in his manhood he had power with God.
12:4Indeed, he had power over the
angel, and prevailed;
He wept, and made supplication to him.
He found him at Bethel, and there he spoke with us,
12:5Even Yahweh, the God of hosts;
Yahweh is his name of renown!
12:6Therefore turn to your God.
Keep kindness and justice,
And wait for your God continually.
12:7A merchant has dishonest scales
in his hand.
He loves to defraud.
12:8Ephraim said, "Surely I have
I have found myself wealth.
In all my wealth they won't find in me any iniquity that is sin."
12:9"But I am Yahweh your God
from the land of Egypt.
I will yet again make you to dwell in tents,
As in the days of the solemn feast.
12:10I have also spoken to the
And I have multiplied visions;
And by the ministry of the prophets I have used parables.
12:11If Gilead is wicked,
Surely they are worthless.
In Gilgal they sacrifice bulls.
Indeed, their altars are like heaps in the furrows of the field.
12:12Jacob fled into the country of
And Israel served to get a wife,
And for a wife he tended flocks and herds.
12:13By a prophet Yahweh brought
Israel up out of Egypt,
And by a prophet he was preserved.
12:14Ephraim has provoked to anger
Therefore his blood will be left on him,
And his his Lord will repay his contempt.
13:1When Ephraim spoke, there was
He exalted himself in Israel,
But when he became guilty in Baal, he died.
13:2Now they sin more and more,
And have made themselves molten images of their silver,
Even idols according to their own understanding,
All of them the work of the craftsmen.
They say of them, "They offer human sacrifice and kiss the calves."
13:3Therefore they will be like the
And like the dew that passes away early,
Like the chaff that is driven with the whirlwind out of the threshing floor,
And like the smoke out of the chimney.
13:4"Yet I am Yahweh your God
from the land of Egypt;
And you will know no god but me,
And besides me there is no savior.
13:5I knew you in the wilderness,
In the land of great drought.
13:6According to their pasture, so
were they filled;
They were filled, and their heart was exalted.
Therefore they have forgotten me.
13:7Therefore am I to them like a
Like a leopard I will lurk by the path.
13:8I will meet them like a bear that
is bereaved of her cubs,
And will tear the covering of their heart.
And there I will devour them like a lioness.
The wild animal will tear them.
13:9You are destroyed, Israel,
because you are against me,
Against your help.
13:10Where is your king now, that he
may save you in all your cities?
And your judges, of whom you said, 'Give me a king and princes?'
13:11I have given you a king in my
And have taken him away in my wrath.
13:12The guilt of Ephraim is stored
His sin is stored up.
13:13The sorrows of a travailing
woman will come on him.
He is an unwise son;
For when it is time, he doesn't come to the opening of the womb.
13:14I will ransom them from the
power of Sheol.
I will redeem them from death!
Death, where are your plagues?
Sheol, where is your destruction?
Compassion will be hidden from my eyes.
13:15Though he is fruitful among his brothers, an east wind will come,
The breath of Yahweh coming up from the wilderness;
And his spring will become dry,
And his fountain will be dried up.
He will plunder the storehouse of treasure.
13:16Samaria will bear her guilt;
For she has rebelled against her God.
They will fall by the sword.
Their infants will be dashed in pieces,
And their pregnant women will be ripped open."
14:1Israel, return to Yahweh your God;
For you have fallen because of your sin.
14:2Take words with you, and return
Tell him, "Forgive all our sins,
And accept that which is good:
So we offer like bulls our lips.
14:3Assyria can't save us.
We won't ride on horses;
Neither will we say any more to the work of our hands, 'Our gods!'
For in you the fatherless finds mercy."
14:4"I will heal their
I will love them freely;
For my anger is turned away from him.
14:5I will be like the dew to Israel.
He will blossom like the lily,
And send down his roots like Lebanon.
14:6His branches will spread,
And his beauty will be like the olive tree,
And his fragrance like Lebanon.
14:7Men will dwell in his shade.
They will revive like the grain,
And blossom like the vine.
Their fragrance will be like the wine of Lebanon.
14:8Ephraim, what have I to do any
more with idols?
I answer, and will take care of him.
I am like a green fir tree;
From me your fruit is found."
14:9Who is wise, that he may
understand these things?
Who is prudent, that he may know them?
For the ways of Yahweh are right,
And the righteous walk in them;
But the rebellious stumble in them.
 back to 1:6 Lo-Ruhamah means "not loved."
 back to 1:9 Lo-Ammi means "not my people"
 back to 2:1 'Ammi' in Hebrew
 back to 2:1 'Ruhamah' in Hebrew
© 2007 Anand Gholap, All Rights Reserved